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By Scott and Phil, Financial Planners at Wealthlab

Managing your cashflow and debt effectively is a critical component of financial planning. One innovative approach that we like to use is the Debt Waterfall Strategy. In this blog post, we delve into the mechanics of this strategy, its advantages, potential drawbacks, and the mathematics that underpin it. For those without debt, we’ll also explore how a similar strategy can be applied to build financial security and growth. Don’t forget to check out our conversation on this topic in the WealthLab Podcast for more insights.

The Waterfall Strategy is a method of managing and paying off debt. It involves prioritising debts based on their interest rates, starting with the highest. Once the most expensive debt is paid off, the payments that were going towards it are then cascaded down to the next highest interest rate debt, and so on, until all debts are paid off.

What is the Waterfall Strategy?

How Does it Work?

  1. List All Debts: Begin by listing out all your debts, from the highest interest rate to the lowest.
  2. Minimum Payments: Ensure minimum payments are made on all debts to avoid penalties.
  3. Extra Payments: Direct any extra funds towards the debt with the highest interest rate.
  4. Cascading Effect: Once the highest interest debt is cleared, redirect these funds to the debt with the next highest interest rate.
  5. Repeat: Continue this process until all debts are paid off.

Benefits of the Debt Waterfall Strategy

Potential Challenges

The Mathematics Behind the Strategy

The effectiveness of the Debt Waterfall Strategy lies in its mathematical foundation. Here’s a simplified example to illustrate:

By focusing on Debt A first, the high-interest rate is tackled head-on, reducing the amount of interest accrued over time. Once Debt A is cleared, the $500 that was being paid towards it is then directed to Debt B, on top of its $200 minimum payment. This accelerates the repayment of Debt B, further reducing the interest paid.

Adapting the Strategy for Non-Debt Holders

For those fortunate enough not to have debt, a modified version of the Debt Waterfall Strategy can be applied to enhance financial stability and growth:

  1. Buffer Account: Initially, direct your surplus income into a buffer account. Aim for an amount equivalent to three months’ worth of expenses.
  2. Fun Account: Once the buffer is established, start contributing to a ‘fun account’, equivalent to one month’s expenses.
  3. Investing and Wealth Creation: With the buffer and fun accounts in place, shift your focus to investing and wealth creation.

This adapted strategy not only secures your immediate financial needs but also ensures that you’re building towards a prosperous future while enjoying life along the way.

So in summary…

The Waterfall Strategy is a powerful tool for managing and eliminating debt. By understanding its mechanics and the discipline required, it can be an effective part of your financial planning arsenal. However, it’s essential to consider your unique financial circumstances and seek professional advice when needed.

Remember, you can always reach out to us at WealthLab for personalised advice. Also, don’t miss our detailed discussion on this topic in our WealthLab Podcast, which can provide you with more insights and practical tips.


Listen to Our Podcast on the Debt Waterfall Strategy

Disclaimer: This post is for educational purposes only and should not be taken as financial advice. Always consult a professional for financial planning (such as us!) about investment decisions.

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